Bipolar Disorder 1
Psychiatry located in Financial District, San Francisco, CA
Bipolar Disorder 1 Q & A
What is bipolar disorder?
Formerly known as manic depression, bipolar disorders are brain disorders that cause dramatic mood swings between disruptive states of depression and mania. While the changeability of your moods interferes with your life, your depressive and manic episodes also cause symptoms that disrupt your ability to function normally.
Bipolar symptoms are classified as depressive, manic, and hypomanic.
Depressive symptoms include:
- Feelings of intense sadness, worthlessness, and hopelessness
- Lost interest in previously enjoyed activities
- Poor concentration and indecisiveness
- Sleeping too much or too little
- Changes in appetite
Manic symptoms include:
- Grandiosity and exaggerated self-esteem
- High energy levels
- Trying to do too many things at once
- Increased risky or self-destructive behaviors
- Racing, uncontrollable thoughts
Hypomanic symptoms are similar to manic symptoms, but are less extreme and usually last for four days or less. Hypomanic symptoms are typically less disruptive than full-blown mania.
What are the different types of bipolar disorder?
Bipolar disorder has three distinct classifications: bipolar I, bipolar II, and cyclothymic disorder.
Bipolar I causes dramatic mood changes between depressive and manic episodes. You may also have periods of normal mood between your extremes. Your manic episodes may be so severe that you experience psychosis — a mental break from reality.
Bipolar II also causes intense mood swings. However, you have hypomanic episodes instead of severe mania.
Cyclothymic disorder is the least severe type of bipolar disorder. While your moods may be less extreme, you’ve lived through at least two years of changeable moods and your symptoms don’t meet the criteria for a bipolar diagnosis.
How is bipolar disorder treated?
Dr. Goel treats bipolar disorders with a combination of custom-selected medication, medical advice to enhance your general health, and compassion. He works with you to find the best possible medicines to regulate your moods with minimal side effects. If you’re interested in therapy to explore and resolve the underlying issues that contribute to your bipolar symptoms, Dr. Goel can refer you to a trusted psychologist to provide collaborative care.
If you’re concerned about bipolar disorder, call Psychiatric Excellence or schedule a consultation online today.
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